Humayun’s Tomb Location: - The Humayun’s tomb is located very near to the Deen-E-panah popularly called as purana quila of Delhi. In your Delhi Tour Package you must include the visit of this UNESCO site. It is the Nizammudin east area of New Delhi where the Humayun’s Tomb is situated. The nearest railway station is Nizamuddin railway station located around 2 kms away from the monument. Nearest airport is the IGI airport around 25 kms away. Nearest interstate bus terminal is the Sarai kale Khan Bus terminal.
History of Humayun’s Tomb: - Humayun’s was the son of Mughal emperor babur though he is at not regarded as high as his father his son akbar is known as one of the greatest mughal. Wife of Humayun after his death started constructing a mausoleum for her husband she was the Haji Begum in year 1565 ACE almost after nine years of the death of emperor Humayun the constructor started and carried in for next seven years. Ultimately in year 1572 the monument was completed. Though many Islamic monuments preceded the humayun’s tomb but perhaps the mausoleum is pioneer in India displaying many architectural marvels for the first time. Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas whi hailed from heart in Afghanistan was the chief architect of this monument though he died before the final completion of the monument. The monument was officially completed by son of Mirza Ghiyas. A total of 1.5 million rupees were spend by the Haji begum in this grand project.
Architecture of Humayun’s Tomb: - Humayun’s tomb built almost 60 years before the construction of the Taj Mahal is known as predecessor to the same. There are many architecture marvels which were perfected is the grand project of the Taj Mahal. Char Baagh pattern;- based in the Islamic belief of jannat the humayun’s tomb is the first Mughal mausoleum based on the concept of Char bagh. The square garden’s bisected by four directions aligned by pathways. The mausoleum is situated right in the centre of the jannat. The four channels representing the water, milk, honey, wine of the Jannat.
The high rubble walls surround the square the square / rectangular monument. The river Yamuna once flew near the mausoleum though no it seens to have charged its course. The main mausoleum rises to a phenomenal height of 47meters with a metal finial on the top. The high dome is the first double dome built in the soil of India similar double dome is seen in top of Taj Mahal. The mausoleum is largely constructed from red sand stone though marble is also seen on the flooring and the high dome. The marble floor align is exquisite black stone and yellow sand stone has also been used as embellish meet on the monument.
Raised plinth comprising of numerous arches and a cenotaph chamber with grave of emperor Humayun is the center. The cenotaph looks like a square but infect is chamfered to appear an octagon. The four corners are occupied by eight double storied rooms. Apart from the grave of emperor Humayun the monument houses graves of many others.
Scions of the Mughal Empire: - Darashikoh the son of emperor Shahjahan, emperor Farukkhsiyar, Alamgir II, Muhamad Bin Baksh, Rafi ud –daulat, Jahandar shah are also buried over here. The last mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Jafar was caught from the Humayun’s tomb by the British officer William Hudson as the mughal emperor Saught refugee at the mausoleum. After the Mughal Empire ceased to exist the monument saw it’s cursed days till restoration and resurrection by the English. The entrance to the monument is an impressive double storied structured rising 16meters is height.
Visit Timings: - The monument is open on all days of the week. While planning Delhi Tour Itinerary you must rememer that the visiting hours are from sunrise to sunset.
Indian / SAARC / BIMSTEC - INR 40
Foreing Tourist - INR 660