There are so many questions in the minds of tourists coming on India tour Package while visiting the places. Such questions always pester the minds of the readers as where did Indian kings defecate or how did kings and queens go to the bathroom? Some guess about the ancient Indian toilets and think about the toilets timeline. Toilets and other such amenities were invented by the Romans and called as chamber pots. There were stone laid conduits that led away from the palaces. Royals since times immemorial devised super methods of toilets. Following the traditions mighty Mughals made superb Royal Mughal toilets in their palaces and also made arrangements for mobile toilets during outdoor movement.
In England during the Victorian era and beforehand the members of the royal family did not use the word toilet rather they called it “loo”. In the Elizabethan era the king used a luxurious Loo seat named as close stool which had a pewter chamber pot in a wooden box. Squat toilets are supposed to be invented in 1596 in England by sir “john Harrington”. The groom of the stool had the responsibility for the royal toilet need. He used to supply water, towel and washbowl to the king.
India has a long legacy of toilets and the bathroom with wet toilets. We get the references in the excavations of Harappan cities. Mohanjo Daro and Harappa reveal highly developed drainage sewage and toiletry system with advanced engineering.
The society was not in the habit of open defecation nearly 3000 BCE later Harappan period we are not able to find the evidences of house hold toilets except at Chirand during the Kushan epoch. Thus in the dark ages. We do not find made toilets may be on account of wandering nature of Aryan tribes.
It is only the time of Arabs and Mughal rulers while we find the palace toilets for the use of ladies on account of privacy. During the Mughal era the royal palaces were equipped with squat toilets. All the royals and elite class used the special toilet chambers built inside the palaces. Mughal Royal family had lavish hamam where they made the seperate provision for the royal bath and toilets. Similar to the Romans they made splendid system of toilets and sewage. If you visit the Agra fort or Fatehpur sikri in your Agra tour packages you still get to see such toilet places where the kings and queens used to go to poop in the medieval times.
If you plan for Jaipur tour packages and happen to visit the Amer fort you can see the royal toilets. There are two squat toilets with wash basins in behind. They are connected to a large septic tank covered with a lid whenever the Mughal rulers or the Maharajas were moving outside the palaces on any military expeditions the servants used to carry portable toilets for the royal usage. After the defection they used to clear the collecting pot such pots in Europe were called piss pots.
Ancient Common Toilets
Greeks were the pioneer in the construction of common toilets. These common toilets were made in a U shape and the people used to sit on separate pits in a row. There was a drain all around with a mid water tank. The people used to chat together and used the water from the tank. There was only one scrub altogether. This was the only drawback this system was more improved by the Romans where they erected outstanding toilets and made segregated compartments. In the Indian system there was an open drain and common people used to sit and the excreta was fished out with water. Some of the Mughal rulers erected the public toilets like modern Sulabh Jahangeer is supposed to build a public toilet near Alwar for the use of nearly 100 families.