Indian Culture has been close to natural phenomena since time immemorial. Indians have great revenge to mountains, rivers, jungles and wildlife. The Ganges is the lifeline of India and on the banks of it thousands of fairs, festivals and other. Hindu devotees are likely assemble at the Kumbh Mela 2021 at Haridwar to shed off their sins.
This mega festival is held in 12 years cycles and in between 3 other small Kumbh are arranged. Thus every 3 years later Ardha Kumbh takes place according to the astrological charts paving the way for the MahaKumbh. The gathering of Kumbh ceremony includes the hermits, Sadhus of different Akharas, and the pilgrims from common folk Kumbh Mela 2021 is going to be held.
What are there types of Kumbh Melas?
- Ardha Kumbh Mela – This is held once in 6 years at Haridwar and Prayagraj.
- Purna Kumbh Mela – This is arranged once in 12 years only at Prayagraj.
- Maha Kumb – This is held in 144 years only at Prayagraj.
History of Kumbh Mela
The history of Kumbh Mela dates back to the epoch of ocean churning ceremony. According to the Hindu scriptures after the churning of the ocean by the Devas and Danivas 9 jems were darned. The churning process was done with the help of Matriarchal Mountain and Vasuki Naga. Among these jems one most precious was Amrit (Nectar). Lord Vishnu was holding the pot and it dropped at four places where the present Kumbh Melas are arranged at a span of 12 years.
Kumbh literally signifies pot or pitcher and media is fair. Thus Kumbh Mela signifies pitcher festival to commemorate the divine event. This now a days is the world’s largest gathering of mankind.
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When was first Kumbh Mela held ?
It is Lord to find the occurrences of the Kumbh Mela in a chronological way. The scriptures mention about the Kumbh celebrations and of the contemporary rulers taking part in it. It is recorded by Hiuan Tsang in his travel accounts that Harsh Vardhan used to come to attend the great occurrence of Kumbh Mela and used to open his treasures for charity and alms for the common folks.
Similar to Harsh Vandhan many other previous and following rulers and tradesmen involved themselves in Kumbh festivals. The recorded Kumbh Mela event at Allahabad started in 1870 in British rule. Though in 1858 it was tried first but could not take place on account of the 1857 revolt. Similarly in the 18th century, the Kumbh Mela Nasik was initiated by the Maratha ruler Ranoji Shinde.
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Why Purna Kumbh is held 12 years later?
It is believed that the Devasur Sangram fight between Gods and demars lasted for 12 heavenly days. One celestial day is considered similar to 1 human year. That is the reason every 12 years later Purwa Kumbh is arranged to mark the event. The celebration is held on the exact and holy position of the sun, the Moon, and Jupiter.
Interesting Facts About Kumbh Mela 2021
A. Different Groups of holy sages known as Akharas are going to be a part of the Kumbh 2021 congregation such as the Nagas who keep themselves naked or the kalpwasis who dip into the Ganges holy waters twice a day. The Nirmal Sadhus who are a part of the Sikhism etc. Even you can witness many sadhus putting bodies through austerities.
B. The previous Kumbh held at Prayagraj in 2019 witnessed a remarkable crowd with the best Management. After the covid 19 Pandemic and the unlock situation the Kumbh Mela 2021 will perhaps be a mega eveny.
C. Kumbh is a Zodiac sign of Aquarius in Indian Astrology Lord Vishnu in the form of Mohini appeared holding Kumbh after the churning of the primordial ocean.
D. After 12 Purna Kumbha, Maha kumbh is held every 144 years later lucky are those who find a chance to be a part of Maha Kumbh.
E. Hiuan Tsang mentions the Kumbh Mela place as Po-lo-ye-kia this place is known as Prayagraj.